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Gathering at the Masjid on the Day of Arafah in the Hanbali School

«Gathering at the Masjid on the Day of Arafah in the Hanbali School»

Al-Tarif is people in different places outside of Mecca gathering on the day of Arafah after Asr in a masjid, and busying themselves in dua, dhikr and supplicating to Allah Taala, just as the people in Arafah do. (Mughni al-Muhtaj)

«Ruling in the Hanbali School»

Imam Ibn Qudama al-Maqdisi reports in al-Mughni that Imam Ahmad stated that it was permitted to conduct such a gathering on the day of Arafah. This is the relied upon view of the madhab.

Imam al-Mardawi in his work al-Insaf that there was a view attributed to Imam Ahmad that such a gathering was Mustahab, however this is not regarded as the strongest position within the Madhab.

It is also reported from Imam Ahmad that he was asked whether he attended such a gathering, he replied that he did not.

«Evidence»

Imam Ahmad stated (as recorded in al-Mughni) that conducting the Arafah gathering was the practice of a number of the salaf.

Shaykh Taqi al-Din Ibn Taymiyyah in his work Iqtida Sirat al-Mustaqim stated that conducting such gatherings was the practice of companions such as Ibn Abbas and Amr bin Hurayth (Allah be pleased with them) and a group of the people of the Basra and Medina.

Imam al-Nawawi mentions that in the Sunan al-Bayhaqi there is a narration that Hasan al-Basri would conduct such a gathering where he would make dua, make dhikr and people would gather.

Collective Supplication After the Prayer and Wiping the Face – Hanbali

Salam

Please find below some points related to the hanbali school’s view on supplicating with the hands raised and wiping the face after completing the obligatory prayer.

Shaykh Mansur al-Buhuti said in Kashaf al-Qina (1/367):

The Imam supplicates after the Fajr and Asr prayers due to the presence of angels, meaning the angels of the night and day at that time, and they say “amin” to the supplications and thus they are more likely to be answered.  Likewise the Imam supplicates after the other prayers as after the concluding of the prayer is a time of answering.

Wiping the Face After Dua

Imam al-Mardawi in al-Insaf (2/173) said:

A person raises their hand in qunut to their chest and spreads them out, with the palms facing the sky, this was explictly mentioned.  Should a person wipe their face with their hands? there are two views…one of them is that wiping the face is the madhab position and was the practice of Imam Ahmad.  Al-Majd said in his commentary as did the author of Majma al-Bahrayn that this is the strongest of the two views, the author of al-Kafi said this (meaning the view that a person should wipe their face) is superior.

The author of Matalib Uli al-Nuha (1/559) said:

Then a person wipes their face with their hands at this point (after qunut) and also outside of the prayer if they supplicate.  This is due to the generality of the hadith of Umar that, “The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) when he would raise his hands in supplication would not lower them until he wiped his face.” this is reported by al-Tirmidhi.  Also due to his (Allah bless him and give him peace) statement in the hadith of Ibn Abbas, “When you conclude (your supplication) then wipe your face with your hands.”  This was reported by Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah.

 

Medinan Hanafi Scholar: Shaykh Abd al-Baqi al-Ayyubi

Salam
The picture above is of Shaykh Abd al-Baqi al-Ayyubi al-Luknawi, one of the great Hanafi scholars of the last 100 years from the illuminated city Medina.
He is best known for his work Manahil al-Salsalah on Musalsal hadith which is regarded to be the most extensive work in this genre.
A number of our teachers were taught by students of Shaykh Abd al-Baqi, such as Shaykh Muhammad al-Mulla and Shaykh Muhammad Yasin al-Fadani.
Only a handful scholars today remain (to my knowledge) who are able to transmit the Manahil al-Salsalah with all of its conditions. I queried Shaykh Khalid al-Turkestani about the Manahil and Shaykh al-Fadani, he mentioned to me that he did not have the opportunity to read the full text with Shaykh al-Fadani but rather took some narrations from him from the text, he was however permitted to borrow Shaykh al-Fadani’s copy of the Manahil and transcribe his notes from his personal reading to the author.
Here is a link to a biography of Shaykh Abd al-Baqi:
http://www.daralhadith.org.uk/?p=1071

Wassalam
Saleh
Telegram channel: t.me/daralhadith

Isnad for Archery Bow Making

Salam

Archery has over the past few years become increasingly popular amongst the Muslim community in the UK.  This is primarily due to several Prophetic narrations regarding the virtue of this activity such as:

The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Whoever learns archery and then leaves it is not from amongst us, and has done wrong.” (Sahih Muslim 1919)

And:

The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Whoever learns archery but then forgets it, then it is regarded as a blessing which has been lost.” [Tabarani in Al-Awsat]

These above narrations along with a number of others can be found in Imam Murtada al-Zabidi’s work listing his students and teachers entitled Mujam al-Mukhtas. Whilst looking through this book (p.536 onwards) I was interested to find a lengthy ijazah an expert bowyer (the term used for a person who makes bows) asked him to write on their behalf regarding the issue of archery and more specifically the art of bow making.  Imam al-Zabidi after mentioning several narrations regarding the virtue of archery (including the above) wrote on behalf of Ali bin Abdullah al-Rumi (the Mawla of Ahmad Katakhda Salih) saying:

It is established that the first person who practised archery with an Arabian bow was Adam (upon him salutations and peace), for Gibril (Upon him be peace) descended from Paradise with a bow, a bowstring ad two arrows in his hand, which he passed to him and taught him how to practise archery.  It was then passed on to Ibrahim (Upon him be peace) and then on to his son Ismail (upon him be peace) at whom the chain of transmission (isnad) of the scholars of this science ends.  This being the case…I issue this specific license (ijazah) to him (Hasan bin Abdullah Mawla Ali) in this noble art, with the witnessing of the brethren, just as I was authorised by the Shaykh, the pious complete expert, the deceased: Abdullah Effendi bin Muhammad al-Busnawi, on the basis of his taking from his Shaykh, the deceased, al-Haj Ali al-Albani, from his Shaykh Muhammad al-Istanbuli with his continuous chain to Abdur Rahman al-Fazari and the Imam, the author of al-Ikhtiyar and author of al-Idah, better known as al-Tabari, on the basis of both of them taking from the well known Imams of this art:  Tahir al-Balkhi, Ishaq al-Rafa, Ibn Hashim al-Barudi by means of their continuous chains via Shaykh from Shaykh until it reaches Sayyiduna Ismail (Upon him be peace).

Wassalam
Saleh

Telegram channel: t.me/daralhadith

Introduction to Dalail & Dua Khatam

Salam,

The following pdf is a combination of two texts which were produced for a one day reading of the Dalail al-Khayrat with sanad in 2011.

The pdf consists of:

1. An introduction to the Dalail al-Khayrat including a biography of Imam al-Jazuli, praise of the book by scholars of the past and points regarding it’s format and transmission.

2. The second part is a translation of the dua to be recited upon the completion of the Dalail by Shaykh Ahmad al-Nakhli, a scholar of the Hijaz whom Shah Waliullah wrote about in his book ‘Anfas al-Arifin‘. This dua is found in some editions of the Dalail from the Indian Subcontinent.

The Hanbali School on the Turban

The position of the Hanbali School Regarding the Turban and it’s Description

The ruling for the turban in the Hanbali School is that it is sunnah.  Allamah al-Saffarini said in his commentary on the poem regarding Adab:

The description of the turban in accordance with the sunnah:
The sunnah of the turban after donning it is to hang (it’s tail) and to wrap the tail around the neck. If the turban is without a tail then this is disliked by the scholars. I (Saffarini) say this was the position of our scholars.

Imam al-Saffarini also said:

It is sunnah to hang the tail of the turban, this is why the author of the poem (Allah have mercy on him) said: It is good to hang the tail behind, even it is a hands length or less as transmitted from Ahmad. “It is good” means it is a sunnah and desirable for men…Shaykh Taqi al-Din (Allah be pleased with him) said: hanging the tail between the shoulders is well known in the sunnah…and transmitted from Imam Ahmad (Allah be pleased with him) in hanging the tail behind, but not regarding it’s length as stated in Adab al-Kubra.
You have learned that tahnik is sunnah, and it is to wrap the turban tail under the chin. Shams al-Shami said: wrapping the turban tail under the chin is a sunnah of the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) and righteous predecessors.
Imam Ibn Muflih states in his Adab al-Kubra that the upshot of his statement in al-Riayah is that it is recommended to have a turban tail for everyone as well as tahnik.
Al-Hijjawi said: meaning combine between wrapping under the chin and a tail.

Imam Ahmad’s Turban

Abd al-Malik al-Maymuni said: I always saw the turban (tail) of Abu Abdullah under his chin, and he held the view that other than this was disliked. Siyar Alam al-Nubala.

Shaykh Taqi al-Din Ibn Taymiyyah would wear a Turban
Ibn Abd al-Hadi said about him:

He walked a little further and came across another poor person. He took his turban and split it in to two parts, he gave half of the turban to the poor person and wore the other half.

Source: taken from a post by Shaykh Faris Falih al-Hanbali

Telegram channel: t.me/daralhadith

Raising Hands After Standing from Tashahhud – Hanbali

Raising the hands after getting up from Tashahhud

Some people mistakenly think that raising the hands up to the shoulders at the time of standing up straight from the first tashahhud is the relied upon (Mutamad) position of the Hanbali School.  This is not correct, though it was chosen by some of the Hanbalis such as Al-Majd Ibn Taymiyyah and others.

According to the relied upon position (Mutamad) of the school it is not a sunnah to raise the hands after standing up straight after sitting for the first tashahhud.

Shaykh Mansur al-Buhuti (Allah have mercy on him) said in Sharh al-Muntaha (1/407),

“A person does not raise their hands – because this is not transmitted in many of the narrations, it was authentically reported in some versions, this is why it was chosen by Al-Majd and others.”

Hafiz Ibn Rajab said in his commentary of Bukhari, (4/36),

“Scholars have differed over the raising of hands after standing up from the first tashahhud, the majority of hold that it is not recommended (Mustahab), to the point that Abu Hamid al-Isfaraini, one of the notable Shafi scholars claimed consensus on this point and regarded it as a proof for the abrogation of the hadith in which it is mentioned.  The matter (of consensus) however is not as he claimed!.”

Source: Fawaid Fiqhiyyah from Shaykh Salih al-Asmari.

Hanbalis and Cat Food

Salam

This last year I undertook some studies of hanbali fiqh of worship via listening to recorded lessons, reading with a teacher in Kuwait over skype and corresponding with teachers in Saudi Arabia regarding specific issues. Coming from a hanafi background it has been a breath of fresh air for me, and teaching the rules of purification from a primer on hanbali fiqh did help to consolidate what I had learned. InshAllah from time to time I will be posting some answers here relating to the hanbali school and any details of any recorded lessons.

Cat Food in the Hanbali School

A question was asked regarding the purchase of pet food containing haram meat to feed a cat. The answer below is based on a response provided by Shaykh Salih al-Asmari (a talented athari Hanbali scholar based in Saudi Arabia):

There are two aspects to this question:

First: the sale transaction of something which is classified as impure such as pork, the madhab position is that this sale transaction is not permitted.

Second: the use of something regarded as impure in sacred law or haram meat to feed a cat, there are two opinions mentioned in al-Furu (6/272), namely the permissibility and impermissibility of doing so.

Wassalam

Saleh

The Sunan Related to Zakat & Charity

Salam

Please find below points taken and abridged from the work Shiratul Islam  Shaykh Muhammad bin Abi Bakr better known as Imamzadah d.573.

The Sunan Related to Zakat & Charity

Zakat is a protection for one’s wealth, it has been mentioned alongside prayer, and both are inextricably linked.

Charity is not mixed with one’s personal property except that it destroys it.

The sunnah is that the leader appoints a person who gathers sadaqah from the wealthy and distributes it to the needy.

The person giving should take from their median property as opposed to their best or worst quality.

The owner of wealth should know the month when their Zakat is payable and not go beyond it.

A person should give their wealth in a good state and repelling greed.

A person should send away a supplicant happy.

A supplicant should pray with goodness for the person giving.

Extra charity extinguishes mistakes and repels a bad ending.

There is a hadith which states that “Deal with sadness and worries with charity for by means of it Allah will remove harm from you, grant you victory over enemies, and grant you steadfastness at times of difficulty.”

A person should intend by charity helping a person to worship, and should seek his best wealth and seek out the people of scrupulousness, piety and goodness from the believers.

If a person gives to another after they have asked then there is no harm in this no matter who they are, for the supplicant has a right even if they come on a vehicle.

A supplicant should not be turned away under any circumstance, even if it is with a kind word or a small amount.

A person should not give except that which is in excess of his and his family’s needs, and not go to extremes in charity by spending his own and his families maintenance.

A person who gives charity early in the day avoids tribulation.

A person should give charity quietly and not announce it.

A person should donate the reward of their charity to ancestors.

A person should not turn away a supplicant from their door and thereby be punished.

If a person does not have anything to give he should say “May allow grant us and you rizq”

A person should not cut off a supplicant request but rather give him something or a gentle response.

A person should take advantage of a supplicant at their door, for there were those who would think bad of themselves if a supplicant, gust or visitor did not come to them.

A person should not count that which they give to a supplicant.

A person should not expect a reward, thanks or praise from the person they give to.

A person should try to give charity directly.

A person should give charity to whom they feel inclined to in their heart.

A person should spend that which they have separated for charity and not regard it as being from their wealth.

A person should give to a content person from the believers who does not ask for more than they are given.

A person should not give that which they would not take from another, but rather that which they would choose for themselves.

A person should not accept something or a gift for that which they have given.

A person should not remind a needy person of that which they have given them.

A person should not regard as lowly the small amount that they have, rather they should give whatever is possible.

The Types of Charity

Charity is not of one type.

Guiding a lost person is charity.

Removing harm from the pathway is charity.

Explaining something to a confused person is charity.

To adjudicate between two people is charity.

To help a person to carry something to their vehicle or to lift it is charity.

A kind word is charity.

To smile in the face of one’s brother is charity.

Walking to the prayer is charity.

A person’s spending upon themselves and their family is charity.

To plant and cultivate crops which are eaten from is charity.

Likewise teaching beneficial knowledge, digging a well from which people take water, building a masjid, to give a copy of the Quran, having a child who prays for ones forgiveness after their death.

Seeking forgiveness for the people of Islam is charity.

Salutations upon the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) is charity.

To reconcile between people is charity.

The best form charity is to a person’s close relatives, the best of it being to a relative who holds enmity towards them and is ill.

A Muslim man should not make a vow for charity or fasting, for it may be that they are unable to fulfil it.

 

Errata for The Beginner’s Gift

Salam

Please note the following errata for “The Beginner’s Gift”, as you are aware the main text is repeated twice in the book, thus the mention of two page numbers for one passage.

  • p.13/40: “minor ritual impurity” should read as “ritual impurity”
  • p.17/54:”It is disliked with a bone, dung and the right hand” should read “It is disliked with a bone, dung, food and the right hand”
  • p.21/70: “So if a quarter of a man’s knee” should read as “So if a quarter of man’s thigh”
  • p.29/97: “Wrapping a waist cloth” should read “buttoning up”

Wassalam