Category Archives: Aqidah

In Defence of Shaykh Yasir Qadhi

Salam

Yes, it does feel a little odd writing these words, a post in support of Shaykh Yasir Qadhi’s views on Shaykh Muhammad bin Abd al-Wahab!

Rumours of a Change: I had heard some months back from someone in America that there had been a seismic shift in Shaykh Yasir’s opinion regarding the revered Mujaddid (renewer) of the Salafi-Wahabi movement. This information was coupled with online extracts from an academic work where Shaykh Yasir was quoted regarding his change in views.

The Podcast: But, as the hadith states, “News of a matter is not like witnessing it directly….” It was, therefore, refreshing to hear him directly and courageously discussing this issue (albeit briefly) in his recent Mad Mamluks podcast along with an apology for some of his harsh statements regarding Sayyid Muhammad bin Alawi al-Maliki (God have mercy on him). I must admit, it was amazing to hear some of his statements which echoed almost exactly the position of the landmark book on the movement recently authored by the Jordanian scholar: Shaykh Uthman al-Nablusi.

Furious Counter Response: As expected, a furious counter response is underway for this criticism of Shaykh Muhammad bin Abd al-Wahab. This is to be expected, as once the Mujaddid of a movement is proven to be an extremist, the whole foundation of the movement collapses.

His Reasoning: Shaykh Yasir did not detail in depth the reasons why he labelled Shaykh Ibn Abdul Wahab the ideological forefather of ISIS and a takfiri. We did, however, deliver a lecture this past Ramadan where we presented the quotes which Shaykh Yasir was alluding to. They can be found in the videos below which can be viewed as a defence for the statements made in the podcast.

To conclude: God bless Shaykh Yasir Qadhi and protect him. It takes courage to changes ones fundamental views and express them so openly. The orthodox Arab Sunni scholars may not agree with every point made in the podcast, but there is more than enough common ground presented in it to build bridges between communities and organisations. More importantly, we hope it is a turning point in the West to tackling the poisonous hate filled takfiri dawah contained in the works of the Najdi movement.

Falsity of Denials of Najdi Scholars Regarding their Extremism

Evidence of Being Takfiri

Takfir of Ottomans & Murder of Opponents

Extreme Fatwas of “Third Wave” Najdi Scholars

Shah Waliullah & Istighatha Clarified

Salam

Shah Waliullah and the topic of istighatha can be confusing.  You have the anti-istighatha scholars usually citing passages from his Hujatullah al-Baligha and at times other disputed works which seem to support their argument.  Yet when you read works of Shah Waliullah such as the Anfas al-Arifin you get a totally different impression, as it contains a number of pro istighatha anecdotes and comments, some of which have been presented on this site.  So which is the real Shah Waliullah?  I had been thinking for some time that the written words of a scholar can be misinterpreted and misrepresented by parties seeking to validate their own views, and that a record of the personal practice of an individual is often the best means to understand their view on an issue.  I was therefore overjoyed to some time ago come across the authorised biography of Shah Waliullah which was penned by his close disciple, and which happens to shed light on the issue of istighatha in such as a decisive way that only a stubborn partisan fanatic would engage in intellectual gymnastics to refute it.

Shaykh Muhammad Ashiq Phulati, the close disciple of Shah Waliullah and author of his authorised biography named Qawl al-Jalli mentions (p.82-83) a clear instance of istighatha which Shah Waliullah taught his students and which is cited approvingly by Shaykh Muhammad Ashiq Phulati. He said:

“A person named Muhammad Yusuf, who was a learned and pious mystic (darwesh) person narrates from a person named Dost Muhammad who was also a pious learned (fadil) person who narrated the following incident:

I would usually go to a person who I was close to who was well known in tasawwuf but regarding whom I knew that his beliefs (aqaid) were not good. I would also go to another person whose company I found beneficial and outwardly he conformed to the sacred law (shariah), and I had full trust in both of them.

One day I got up for the Fajr prayer and the congregation was ready and about to begin, I wished to pray 2 units and then join the congregation, however just as I had formed my intention for this that both of these Shaykhs forms manifested in front of me and attempted to prevent me from praying. I wished to get rid of them and begin the prayer but despite my attempts I was unable to do so. One of the Shaykhs sat down at the place of prostration (sajda) in order to prevent me from prostrating. The other Shaykh stood next to me* and was preventing me…when I found I was unable to do anything I began to recite, ‘La Hawla…’ but I did not find this beneficial to my predicament. I was increasingly becoming more distressed and was aware that the time for the prayer was running out.

I then began to individually recite the names of the pious folk of the past, meaning the noble awliyah and great Prophets and seeking help from them. I then remembered that Hazrat-e-Aqdas (Shah Waliullah) had once said that at a time of distress or difficulty remember my name. As soon as I had called out/took the name of Hazrat-e-Aqdas and sought help from him that I saw that Hazrat-e-Aqdas appeared and with his two hands took both Shaykhs by the ear and banished them and saved me from this tribulation.

I thanked Allah for this and busied myself with the prayer, and this incident was a reason for my increased veneration of Hazrat-e-Aqdas.”

The Nasafi Creed

Salam

A project we are currently working on is a new English edition of the Nasafi creed with a set of simple and easy to understand explanatory notes. This text is  widely taught across the Muslim world, especially in areas where the Hanafi school is prevalent. The new edition we are preparing has the following features:

  1. The Arabic text of the Nasafi creed is presented checked against the Ottoman and other editions.
  2. The Edgar Earl translation has been relied upon with changes and improvements
  3. The text has been arranged in to chapters
  4. Basic explanatory notes have been added based primarily on the excellent contemporary commentary of Shaykh Abd al-Malik al-Sadi in addition to other works.
  5. The explanatory notes aim to present evidences from the Quran and Sunnah where possible, with very little by way of the ilm al-kalam arguments.

We hope that this work will be ready soon inshAllah.

Wassalam

Order of Events in the Afterlife

Salam

The following order of events to take place on the day of judgement has been summarized from a work on aqidah by Shaykh Mustafa al-Khin, (a recent Sunni scholar from Damascus).  I found it useful in its explaining how the different Quranic verses and hadith link together.

The order of events is as follows;

  • After the dead are resurrected they are taken to the gathering place.
  • They will head towards the Hawd (Lake)  as they will be thirsty.  Note: each Prophet will have a Hawd as per the hadith in Tirmidhi.
  • In the gathering place there will be intense heat as the sun draws closer.  Note:  some people will not suffer here as per the hadith of those shaded by the Throne.  A hadith in the Musnad of Imam Ahmad mentions that this stage will pass very quickly for the pious.
  • The great intercession of the Prophet Muhammad (Allah bless him and give him peace) will then take place for the reckoning to begin.  This is after people rush to other prophets asking them to intercede.
  • Then the accounting (hisab) will take place of actions.  Note: people will differ on this stage, some bypassing it as being those who ‘enter paradise without being taken to account’.
  • After this a person receives their book regarding their actions.
  • Then there will be the weighing of actions.  Note:  those who have equal level good and bad actions are referred to as the people of Araf.
  • Then people will traverse the sirat, some falling off in to the hellfire.
  • Then people will enter Paradise, at their head the Prophet Muhammad (Allah bless him and give him peace).

We ask Allah Taala to make us from those who drink from Hawd, are under the shade of the throne, are not taken to account, receive our books in the right hand, have a heavy scale of good actions. Traverse the sirat easily and enter Paradise. Amin

 

A Short Aqidah Poem

Naqawatul Aqidah

Salam

Please find below a draft translation of a short poem on Sunni belief authored by a Meccan scholar.  It succinctly sums up the basics a Muslim should know regarding their creed.  I had begun annotating it with some comments from the author’s own commentary, but that is on hold at this current time.

Wassalam

http://telegram.me/daralhadith

Jawharah Tawhid Review Lesson

Jawharah 1-20 Overview

Salam

Please see a message below for a project I am involved with.  The image above is a draft page from the skeleton notes.

Dear all, Asalaamu alaykum warahmatulLah,

A review of the Jawharah al-Tawhid poem in aqeedah, lines 1-20 will take place this Friday the 16th of October. This class is relevant to all students who have an interest in aqeedah. It is of particular significance to those who have attended our monthly Jawharah al-Tawhid classes as it will reinforce what has been covered along with important additional points and a set of skeleton notes. Those who have not attended these classes but have some previous study of aqeedah such as the Islamic Belief module of CIL are welcome to attend.

Venue: Castlefield community centre in High Wycombe (HP12 3LL)

Timing: 7:00pm to 9:00pm

Date:  Friday 16-Oct-2015

Please confirm attendance by emailing: info@daralhadith.org.uk

Ilm al-Ghayb Treatise – Sh. Ahmad al-Barzanji

Ilm Ghayb Barzanji 2

Salam

Please find uploaded the treatise on the issue of Ilm al-Ghayb by Shaykh Ahmad al-Barzanji of Madinah the illuminated, a copy of which was provided by Shaykh Khalid al-Turkestani from Mecca.  I have not read the treatise in full at the time of posting here, but I believe a copy of this work is much sought after by students of knowledge.

The file can be downloaded from here: Barzanji Ilm Ghayb.

Wassalam

Sharh Aqidah al-Awam Publication

aqida awam

Salam

A work which we have contributed to is the translation of the commentary on the primers text in belief taught in Hijaz, Hadramawt and South East Asia, namely the Aqidah al-Awam.  The commentary is written by Shaykh Muhammad Ihya Ulum al-Din based on the lessons of Sayyid Muhammad bin Alawi al-Maliki.   It still puzzles me why larger more complex works on aqidah have been translated, but this basic work taught in numerous institutions of traditional Sunni learning has not attracted the attention of translators beyond the translation of the poem itself (a translation of which has been undertaken by a couple of scholars including Shaykh Ilyas Patel of the UK and Shaykh Mostafa Azzam of Canada in a slightly adapted form).

We started the serialised translation of the poem on this site some years back and the project was picked up by Shaykh Rami Nsour of the Tayba Foundation in the USA.  The text is currently being typeset and needs tidying up before Shaykh Rami decides how it should be distributed.

Please pray for the tawfiq and successful completion of this project and other projects such as the Bayquniyyah work mentioned on this site which is nearly complete.

Please find below a sample of the Table of Contents page.

Aqidah Awam Contents

Wassalam