Allamah Ibn Aqil al-Hanbali on Tawassul

Salam

Please find below an extract from a work showing the difference in approach of the classical Hanbali scholars and modern day scholars of the Salafi Movement of Najd.

Imam Ibn Aqil al-Hanbali (d.513 hijri) said in his fiqh work al-Tadhkirah regarding what a person should say when visiting the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) in Madina the Illuminated,

“O Allah, I turn to you by means of Your Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace), the Prophet of Mercy. O Messenger of Allah! I turn by means of you to my Lord to forgive my sins. O Allah I ask You by his right that You forgive my sins.”

Notes:
1. Shaykh Nasir Salamah, the editor of this text (and a Qadi at a Shariah court in Saudi Arabia at the time of publishing) footnotes this statement with the following,

“Seeking dua from the Prophets and other than them such as the Awliyah and seeking help from them after their passing away is Shirk al-Akbar…”

2. This extract clearly highlights the divergence in approach of the classical Hanbalis and the Salafi scholars of the Najd.

3. Does Shaykh Nasir Salamah and other Salafi scholars regard Imam Ibn Aqil al-Hanbali to have left the folds of Islam? According to their principles of takfir recorded in Durar al-Saniyyah and other works Imam Ibn Aqil al-Hanbali was not Muslim as he committed Shirk al-Akbar on a clear cut issue and had access to the Quran and Sunnah and thus has no excuse.

The Sunan Related to Zakat & Charity

Salam

Please find below points taken and abridged from the work Shiratul Islam  Shaykh Muhammad bin Abi Bakr better known as Imamzadah d.573.

The Sunan Related to Zakat & Charity

Zakat is a protection for one’s wealth, it has been mentioned alongside prayer, and both are inextricably linked.

Charity is not mixed with one’s personal property except that it destroys it.

The sunnah is that the leader appoints a person who gathers sadaqah from the wealthy and distributes it to the needy.

The person giving should take from their median property as opposed to their best or worst quality.

The owner of wealth should know the month when their Zakat is payable and not go beyond it.

A person should give their wealth in a good state and repelling greed.

A person should send away a supplicant happy.

A supplicant should pray with goodness for the person giving.

Extra charity extinguishes mistakes and repels a bad ending.

There is a hadith which states that “Deal with sadness and worries with charity for by means of it Allah will remove harm from you, grant you victory over enemies, and grant you steadfastness at times of difficulty.”

A person should intend by charity helping a person to worship, and should seek his best wealth and seek out the people of scrupulousness, piety and goodness from the believers.

If a person gives to another after they have asked then there is no harm in this no matter who they are, for the supplicant has a right even if they come on a vehicle.

A supplicant should not be turned away under any circumstance, even if it is with a kind word or a small amount.

A person should not give except that which is in excess of his and his family’s needs, and not go to extremes in charity by spending his own and his families maintenance.

A person who gives charity early in the day avoids tribulation.

A person should give charity quietly and not announce it.

A person should donate the reward of their charity to ancestors.

A person should not turn away a supplicant from their door and thereby be punished.

If a person does not have anything to give he should say “May allow grant us and you rizq”

A person should not cut off a supplicant request but rather give him something or a gentle response.

A person should take advantage of a supplicant at their door, for there were those who would think bad of themselves if a supplicant, gust or visitor did not come to them.

A person should not count that which they give to a supplicant.

A person should not expect a reward, thanks or praise from the person they give to.

A person should try to give charity directly.

A person should give charity to whom they feel inclined to in their heart.

A person should spend that which they have separated for charity and not regard it as being from their wealth.

A person should give to a content person from the believers who does not ask for more than they are given.

A person should not give that which they would not take from another, but rather that which they would choose for themselves.

A person should not accept something or a gift for that which they have given.

A person should not remind a needy person of that which they have given them.

A person should not regard as lowly the small amount that they have, rather they should give whatever is possible.

The Types of Charity

Charity is not of one type.

Guiding a lost person is charity.

Removing harm from the pathway is charity.

Explaining something to a confused person is charity.

To adjudicate between two people is charity.

To help a person to carry something to their vehicle or to lift it is charity.

A kind word is charity.

To smile in the face of one’s brother is charity.

Walking to the prayer is charity.

A person’s spending upon themselves and their family is charity.

To plant and cultivate crops which are eaten from is charity.

Likewise teaching beneficial knowledge, digging a well from which people take water, building a masjid, to give a copy of the Quran, having a child who prays for ones forgiveness after their death.

Seeking forgiveness for the people of Islam is charity.

Salutations upon the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) is charity.

To reconcile between people is charity.

The best form charity is to a person’s close relatives, the best of it being to a relative who holds enmity towards them and is ill.

A Muslim man should not make a vow for charity or fasting, for it may be that they are unable to fulfil it.

 

Errata for The Beginner’s Gift

Salam

Please note the following errata for “The Beginner’s Gift”, as you are aware the main text is repeated twice in the book, thus the mention of two page numbers for one passage.

  • p.13/40: “minor ritual impurity” should read as “ritual impurity”
  • p.17/54:”It is disliked with a bone, dung and the right hand” should read “It is disliked with a bone, dung, food and the right hand”
  • p.21/70: “So if a quarter of a man’s knee” should read as “So if a quarter of man’s thigh”
  • p.29/97: “Wrapping a waist cloth” should read “buttoning up”

Wassalam

Wazaif Ibn Taymiyyah

Salam,

Wazaif Ibn Taymiyyah? Yes! It appears that even Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah despite his well known stance on the issue of innovation (bidah) had some litanies (wazaif) which were not directly established from the sunnah. Two examples are presented below:

Repeating the Fatihah After Fajr Prayer till Sunrise‎

Hafiz Umar bin Ali al-Bazzar said:

I kept his close company for the duration of my stay in Damascus, for most of the day and a large part of the night. He would keep me close to himself such that he would make me sit next to him and I would be able to hear what he recited and the invocations he would make. I witnessed him recite the Fatihah and repeat it for the whole duration of time between (the offering of) Fajr until the sun had risen.‎  Alam al-Aliyyah fi Manaqib Ibn Taymiyyah p38

Wazifa Between Sunnah and Fard of Fajr

Ibn al-Qayyim said:

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (Allah sanctify his soul)… said one day: these two names – referring to al-Hayy and al-Qayyum – have a profound effect on giving life to the heart, indicating that these two names were the greatest name (Ism al-Adham). I heard him saying: Whoever consistently recites 40 times on a daily basis between the sunnah of Fajr and the Fajr prayer: Ya Hayyu Ya Qayyum La ilaha illa anta, bi rahmatika astaghith, will attain life of the heart and prevent its death.  Madarij 1/446

 

The Importance of Studying the Fiqh of Inheritance

40 scenarios inheritance

Salam

There are many courses being run in the UK on various topics related to islamic studies such as tafsir, the fiqh of worship, hadith etc, but very few on the topic of the fiqh of inheritance.  When reflected on, this phenomenon is a little odd as the fiqh rules which relate to the division of property upon the death of a person apply to every Muslim and it could be argued in terms of importance and priority perhaps rank higher than many of the courses being delivered throughout the UK.

The importance of these rules and their study is emphasized in the Quran with its detailed exposition of inheritance shares and in the Sunnah such as in the following narrations:

The Prophet, (God bless him and give him peace), said:

“Learn inheritance and teach it for it is half the knowledge and it will be forgotten, and it is the first thing to be ripped from my Ummah” (Ibn Majah 2710).

Likewise the following narration:

He (God bless him and give him peace) also said:

“Learn inheritance and teach it to people for I am a mortal being and knowledge will decrease until two people would differ amongst themselves over inheritance, but wouldn’t find an arbitrator” (al-Nasa’i 6305).

We are therefore pleased to announce a new beginners course on learning the rules of calculating inheritance shares by means of studying forty of the most common inheritance scenarios.  We will inshAllah be studying a text authored by the recent great scholar of Mecca, Shaykh Hasan al-Mashat.

Further information and registration can be found on the following link:

http://inheritancefiqh.eventbrite.co.uk

Wassalam