Monthly Archives: August 2005

Give that pen back…!

Sheikh Abd al-Fattah Abu Ghuddah, talking about wara’ (scrupulousness) and following the Prophetic sunnah in his notes to Imam al-Muhasibis work, p156:

“Meaning his knowledge is based upon acts of wara’ (scrupulousness), not dispensations and lenient rulings, this is the fruit of sound knowledge, especially for the one who who is example and model for others. Hafidh al-Khatib al-Baghdadi reports in Tarikh Baghdad 10:167, and Hafidh Ibn Hajar in Tahdhib al-Tahdhib 5:386 in the biography of Imam Abdullah bin al-Mubarak, the jurist of Khurasan, and Imam of the Muslims in his time, born in the year 118, and died in the year 181 may Allah have mercy upon him, from the the finest points of scrupulousness the likes of which are rare:

“Abu Hassan al-Basri Isa bin Abdullah said, I heard al-Hasan bin Arafah say: Ibn al-Mubarak said to me: I borrowed a pen in al-Shaam, I forgot to return it to its owner, when I came to Marw i found it with me, so I returned to al-Shaam to returned it to its owner.”

I say: perhaps you may find this as incredulous and far fetched? yes it is strange in our times in analogy to our lives and the lives of the likes of us and our societies. But the peoples lives before more than 1100 years differs with our lives today, a difference similar to the length of time separating us and them in terms virtue, exaltedness, uprightness, scrupulousness and action.

Imam Abu Dawud al-Sijistani the author of al-Sunan who died in the year 275 may Allah have mercy on him, acted to reply to someones sneezing that which we would regard as incredulous. Allamah al-Shanwani said at the end of his commentary of the ‘Mukhtasar Ibn Abi Jamrah’ p.290, commenting on the hadith of Anas regarding sneezing:

“It is reported that Abu Dawud the author of al-Sunan was on a ship, he heard someone on the shore, who had sneezed, praising Allah Taala (Hamid Allah Taala), he hired a boat for a dirham went to the man who had sneezed and replied to his sneezing, he was asked about this, he replied: perhaps he maybe one whose supplications (dua) is answered. When they went to sleep they heard a voice saying: O people of the ship, Indeed Abu Dawud has bought paradise from Allah for a dirham.”

Understanding Love….

Most of us have heard of the hadith about the importance of loving the Prophet (Sallalahu Alaihi Wassalam), I can’t exactly remember where i bought the book ‘Lamahat min Tarikh al-Sunnah wa Ulum al-Hadith’ of Sheikh Abd al-Fattah Abu Ghuddah, maybe it was Istanbul, maybe it was good old Bolton. However what i do remember is reading the following section about the famous hadith of Sayyidina Umar (ra) and thinking about our Master Umar’s reply which had never occured to me before. I thought I’d share it with others, I’ve included the whole section and combined the footnote into the text. By the way its not an exact translation but rather a ‘translation of the meaning’.  Sheikh Abd al-Fattah said (p.38):

-The Companions love for the Messenger (Sallalahu Alaihi Wassalam)

The noble companions, may Allah be pleased with them, were the most fervent of people in their love of the Messenger (Sallalahu Alaihi Wasslam), they saw and witnessed his noble blessed face, they sat with him and and knew his blessed way/manners, they saw with their own eyes his truthful miracles (which suspended the law of nature), they believed in him based on insight and conviction. It was due to this that they gave precedence to loving him above loving anything else, (and gave precedence) to his order to any other order, and they became the most closest in following him, and being guided by his guidance and sunnah, he became more beloved to them than their own selves, and the most dearest to them than anyone else.

al-Bukhari narrated in his ‘Sahih’ (11/525) from the honourable companion Abdullah bin Hashim al-Taymi said:
We were with the Prophet (Sallalahu Alaihi Wassalam), he was holding the hand of Umar bin al-Khattab, Umar said to him: O Messenger of Allah, you are the most beloved to me than anything else except my own self, the Prophet (Sallalahu Alaihi Wasslam) said: No, by the one in whose hand is my soul, until I am beloved to you than your own self, Umar said to him: You now are the most beloved to me than my own self, the Prophet (Sallalahu Alaihi Wassalam) said: Now O Umar
(fn) Hafidh Ibn Hajar said in Fath al-Bari 11:528:
al-Khattabi said: a persons loving himself is natural, and his loving others is by choice due to various factors, what the Prophet (Sallalahu Alaihi Wasslam) was referring to was love that is made by choice, as there is no means to change that which is the nature of the heart.
I say (Ibn Hajar): Umars first answer was on the basis of what is natural, then he reflected and understood by contemplating that the Prophet (Sallalahu Alaihi Wassalam) was more beloved to him than his own self, because he is the means of him (Umar) being saved from destruction in this world and the next, so then he (Umar) informed that which was necessitated by his choice, and therefore He (Sallahu Alaihi Wasslam) answered: Now O Umar, meaning now you have understood and have said that which is incumbent…. (fn)

Al-Bukhari also narrated in his Sahih 1:58, from Anas (ra):

The Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alaihi Wassalam) said: ‘No one believes until I am more beloved to him than his parents, children and the rest of the people’

Indeed He (Sallalahu Alaihi Wassalam) had this position within the hearts of the companions, as has preceded in the hadith of Sayyidina Umar al-Khattab (ra)

(fn) Hafidh Ibn Hajar said in Fath al-Bari 1:59 commenting on this hadith:
In this hadith is an indication towards the virtue of contemplation, as the those aforementioned things which are loved are known by contemplation, as that which beloved to a person is either himself or others, as for himself he wishes to be remain free of troubles, this is the reality of that which is sought…… so if he reflects upon the benefit he has obtained from the Messenger (Sallalahu Alaihi Wassalam), the one who took him out from the darkness of disbelief to the light of Iman, either directly or by intermediary, he comes to know that he is the cause of his eternal existence in everlasting bliss, and comes to know that his benefit from this is the greatest of benefits, and due to this it entitles the amount love for him to be more than to anyone else, as the benefit which arouses love, come from him more than anyone else. However people are of different levels with regards to this upon the basis of their remembering this or not paying attention to it…. (fn)

Turning to Allah the Exalted

Sheikh Abd al-Fattah, the late great hanafi scholar and muhaddith who passed away in 1997 is well known for his editing of books. His footnotes vary from work to work, but when they are copious they are a delight to behold, his wide reading and pulling together sources and quotes, sometimes only a few paragraphs long from literally hundreds of different books is astonishing, and a testament to his devotion to research of the works of our rightly guided Imams. One such editing of his is the “Risala al-Mustarshidin” of Imam al-Muhasibi who was a contemporary of Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal. The contents of the book are fall under the category of sufism or purification of the soul. I thought i would present some useful notes from the book.

Imam al-Muhasibi quotes Imam Ali (r.a.) as saying:
Do not have hopes in anyone except your Lord

Sheikh Abd al-Fattah comments on this statement (p. 82):

“How great is this guidance, and how virtuous is acting by it, it is narrated in the biography of the jurist and muhaddith, the abstinent pious worshipper Ahmad bin Abi Ghalib bin al-Tallayah al-Baghdadi d.548 may Allah’s mercy be upon him, people would go to him for dua due to his immense piety; “A man came to him and said: ask for me such and such a thing, He replied: O my brother, stand with me and let us both offer two rakats of prayer and then ask Allah Taala, for I do not leave an open door and go towards a closed door.” From Manaqib Imam Ahmad of Ibn al-Jawzi p.640, Dhail Tabaqat al-Hanabilah of Ibn Rajab 1:224, so do not leave an open door….offer two rakats of prayer and make dua to Him, for he is close answering, wise and all knowing.

Ibn al-Jawzi mentioned in his book “al-Luqat fi Hikayat al-Salihin” story number 507: Abd al-Rahman bin Ibrahim al-Fihri said: a man went to one of the rulers with a need, he found him making sajda making dua to Allah Azza Wa Jall, he said: he is reliant/in need of someone else, so how can I be in need of him? why do I not raise my need to the one with whom needs are not delayed (when raised to Him), he said: The ruler heard him, when he raised his head he said: bring the man to me, so he was brought to him, he said: give him 10,000 and then said to him: you have been given this by the one to whom I was making dua to in sajda, and the one to whom you turned to (Allah Taala).”