Dua Khatam al-Quran (Donating Reward to the Deceased)

Salam

Those in the UK from an Indo-Pak background will be familiar with the Khatam al-Quran events where the family hosting at times have to “hire” the local Hafiz sahib or Imam to attend towards the end of the gathering so that the reward of the recital can be rewarded to the soul of the deceased.  How prevalent the “hiring” of above mentioned figures is I do not know, but it is of concern to me that families seem totally unprepared regarding how to go through the “ritual” of donating reward of recitation.  What should be clear is that it is something which in essence a very simple matter and does not require the service of experts to conduct the service.

With that in mind I was happy to find a number of texts authored by scholars of traditional Islam under the genre of Dua Khatam al-Quran, which consist of prayers both for the donation of recitation to a particular deceased person and generic comprehensive prayers regarding good in this world and the next.  In the document below you will find the following:

1. Prayers relating to donating the recitation of the Quran to the deceased from the works of: Shaykh Abu Bakr al-Mulla and Shaykh Abdullah al-Khatib al-Jafari, both hailing from the city of al-Ahsa.

2. An inclusion of a few comprehensive prayers from the above mentioned texts which are not related to donating reward, but rather asking for goodness in this world and the next.

3. Inclusion of the Arabic text of the prayers which were available to me at the time of translation.  It is clear that the Arabic text is need of revision and tidying up,  InshAllah when this happens we will accordingly update the attached file.

4. This text can still be read for any donation of reward of recital, even if a complete Khatam al-Quran has not taken place.  A very slight change in the wording at the beginning might be needed though.

5.  The translation was undertaken in haste in order for recitation at a gathering of Khatam al-Quran in Ramadan.  It is hoped that it will be reviewed in the near future inshAllah.

6.  The Quranic verses at the beginning were included by the authors due to their immense virtue and have been included here.  The prayers have been translated in to English, and readers have the option of just reading the translation of the prayers in gathering should they so wish.

7.  Being that the time of the Khatam al-Quran is also a blessed time where supplications are accepted, readers might also wish to combine the prayer linked below with the text Beneficial Prayers of Shaykh Abu Bakr al-Mulla which can be found on this site.

It is hoped that the text linked to below (in red) will enable people to donate reward of recital to the deceased with ease and peace of mind, whether individually in private or in gatherings.

Wassalam

Dua Khatam al-Quran

 

A Prayer for the Muslim World

Salam

I came across the following prayer in the famous Azhari/Ottoman scholar of Palestine, Shaykh Yusuf al-Nabhani’s book Al-Wird al-Shafi, which is a compilation of the wording of the prayers contained in the book Al-Hisn al-Hasin of Imam al-Jazari.  I think the readers will agree that the words of the prayer are just as relevant today as when they were originally authored in the last century.  The additional point that Shaykh  Yusuf al-Nabhani hailed from Palestine should not be lost on readers, not least in these final days of Ramadan when events in Palestine are foremost on the mind of many believers.

If possible, please take the opportunity to recite this brief prayer when possible and easy to do so, whether in the original Arabic or the English, whichever is easy for you.  [It still being Ramadan, at the time of breaking the fast would be an excellent time]

Click link below:

A Prayer for the Muslim World

Reciting the Fatiha for Attaining One’s Needs

fatiha2

Salam

For some years now I have attended gatherings where attendees have been asked to recite the Fatiha after the request for a specific dua.  For example someone may make a request for xyz dua, and then everyone would be asked to make dua by reciting the Fatiha.  I have been looking for the reason why this was the case for some time now, and was interested to find the information presented below in the Hanbali scholar, Allamah Yusuf Ibn Abd al-Hadi’s treatise entitled Seeking Help by Means of the Fatiha for Success in Matters.  It is a small work of his on this topic which provides evidences for why the Fatiha should be recited at the time of making dua as a means of acceptance of the dua.  He said the following:

Ata said, “If you have a need, then recite the Fatiha until you complete it, and your need will be fulfilled Allah willing.”  [Kitab al-Thawab of Shaykh bin Hayyan as in Dur al-Manthur 1/24]

He then cited the following narration of Abu Hurayrah regarding the recital of the Fatiha, the end of which is:

(If the person praying says) ‘Guide us to the straight path, the path of those You have favoured, not those who have earned Your anger nor those who have gone astray’ [Allah Most High says] This is for my servant, and my servant will have whatever he asks for.”  [Musnad al-Humaydi 973, a version is also related by Muslim 4/101]

Ibn Abd al-Hadi explained:

Some have cited this hadith as evidence that no one recites the Fatiha to fulfil and ask for their need except that it is fulfilled.

He added:

The most learned scholar [Ibn al-Qayyim al-Jawziyyah] said at the beginning of his book, ‘It is the Umm al-Kitab, the seven oft revealed verses, a complete cure, a beneficial medicine, a complete healing, the key to wealth, success and a protection of strength. It repels worries, sadness, fear and sorrow from the one who knows its rank and gives it its due right…knows the manner of seeking cure and treatment by means of it, and the secret due to which it is thus.

He also said:

When some of the companions understood this they performed ruqya upon someone who had been bitten and he was cured immediately.

Ibn Abd al-Hadi also mentioned:

Our Shaykh Abu al-Faraj Ibn al-Habbal would use it often to fulfil his needs and obtain success in his matters, and utilising it for the fulfillment of important matters…I have myself witnessed the successful fulfilment of great matters, for there are few exceptions from the needs which I encounter from the needs of this world and the next world for which I recite the Fatiha except that they are fulfilled and are successful…It is an immense Surah, so you should (Allah have mercy on you) recite it often for your matters, needs, cures and all important situations that you encounter.

 

Sayyid Maliki’s Dua/Dhikr at Iftar Time

هلال-رمضان

Salam

Last Ramadan when Shaykh Khalid Turkestani from Mecca visited the UK to teach in Ramadan, he taught us the following dua at the time of Iftar.  He mentioned that he learnt it from his teacher Shaykh Muhammad bin Alawi al-Maliki when the Sayyid and his students would sit together to break the fast, repeating the basic formula of this dua together for some time preceding the iftar itself.

Sh Turkestani kindly sent the following recording as a reminder of what to recite, which I have attempted to transliterate and quickly translate to give an idea of the meaning.

The Sayyid (Allah have mercy on him) use to say:

Ashadu an la ilaha illalah nastaghfirullah

I bear witness that there is no god except Allah, we seek Allah’s forgiveness

Nasaluk Allahummal jannata wa naudhubika min an nar

O Allah, we ask you for Paradise and seek refuge in You from the Fire

Ya Adheem Ya Adheem ighfiri dhanb al-adheem

O Great One (Allah); O Great One (Allah); forgive the enormous acts of disobedience

Fainnahu la yaghfiru dhanb al-adheem illal adheem

For no one forgives enormous acts of disobedience except the Great One (Allah)

La ilaha illalah nastaghfirullah

there is no god except Allah, we seek Allah’s forgiveness

Nasaluk Allahummal jannata wa naudhubika min an nar

O Allah, we ask you for Paradise and seek refuge in You from the Fire