Dying in Madinah by Nawab Siddiq Hasan Khan
Salam. Perhaps ten years ago in the late 1990’s when my Arabic was even weaker than it is at the moment, I along with a friend attended some lessons of the ‘Ikhtiyar’ taught by the Syrian Hanafi jurist Shaykh Ahmad al-Jammal in Amman.
We caught the tail end of his lessons on the chapter of Hajj, where at at the chapters completion he made mention of a book by Nawab Siddiq Hasan Khan which contained an account of his difficult and arduous Hajj journey from India. Shaykh Ahmad commented that this account he had read could have easily resembled a work of fiction, such were the incidents that took place during Nawab Siddiq’s journey, and highlighted how difficult it was in the past to undertake the Hajj and return back to ones homeland safely.
The name of the book had stuck in my mind all these years, and recently I was finally able to locate a copy of this work entitled ‘Rihla al-Siddiq ila Balad al-Atiq’. I will try to post if possible (Inshallah) Nawab Siddiq’s comments attempting to describe what he felt when he first set eyes on the blessed Kabah, and what he experienced in his stay in Madinah the Illuminated.
For now I leave you with what he mentions in his book about living and dying in Madinah, May Allah Taala make us worthy of such a blessing, and grant us the dust of al-Baqi, Ameen.
Note: The story of Nawab Siddiq Hasan Khans journey is the final chapter of the book, he preceded it with a discussion of the legal rulings of Hajj and other related matters.
Nawab Siddiq Hasan Khan said (p.157):
Malik, al-Bukhari and Razin al-Abdari narrate: that Umar bin al-Khattab said:
O Allah bless me with martyrdom in your path, and make my death in the city of your Messenger
And al-Bayhaqi narrates in a marfu form:
Whom so ever is able to die in Madinah, then let him die in it. For whoever dies in Madinah I will be an intercessor and witness for him
And in a version:
For whoever dies in it, I will intercede for, and be a witness for
And this version was mentioned by Ibn Hibban in his Sahih.
Al-Tirmidhi, Ibn Hibban in his Sahih, Ibn Majah, al-Bayhaqi, Abd al-Haq who graded it Sahih narrate that Ibn Umar said:
The Messenger of Allah said: Whom so ever is able to die in Madinah, then let him die in it. For I will intercede for the one who dies in it
It was also reported by al-Tabarani in al-Kabir with a Hasan chain, al-Tirmidhi said: This is a hadith which has a Hasan Sahih Gharib chain.
Al-Tabarani narrates in a marfu form:
The first of my community whom I will intercede for will be the people of Madinah, then the people of Makkah, then the people of Taif
Reported by al-Tirmidhi
To sum up: The like of the encouragement of dying in Madinah is not established for any other (city). Its being chosen as a place of residence is well known from the practice of the early Muslims (hal al-salaf). There is no doubt that residing in Madinah during his (Allah bless him and give him peace) earthly life is superior (afdal) by consensus. And it is recommended after his passing away…
In the two Sahih’s (it is narrated):
O Allah, make Madinah beloved to us like our love for Makkah, and more!
And in them both:
O Allah place in Madinah double that which you have placed in Makkah of blessings (barakah)
And from Abu Hurayrah:
The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said: O Allah bless us in our dates, bless us in our city, bless us in our Saa’, bless us in our Mudd. O Allah, indeed Ibrahim is your servant, friend and Prophet. And I am your servant and Prophet. He prayed to you for Makkah, and I am praying to you for Madinah for the likes of that which he prayed to you for Makkah, and the like of it in addition
Reported by Muslim, and it has other wordings mentioned by the authors of the Sunan works.