Monthly Archives: January 2009

The Founders Of The Madhabs And Knowledge Of All The Hadith

Doubt: The founders of the madhabs may have missed many of the hadith that we know of today. This is why we do not adhere to the madhabs.

Answer: This is a simplistic understanding which appears to make sense to the unsuspecting person but is far from accurate upon examination. Those who say that Imam Abu Hanifah did not know all of the hadith, and that ‘Sahih al-Bukhari’ was compiled after him are unaware that there are Hanafi scholars who had memorized ‘Sahih al-Bukhari’ and the other hadith collections.  There are also unaware that it is common in many parts of the Hanafi world to study Sahih al-Bukhari and other books of hadith as part of their academic studies. Continue reading

Al-Khair al-Kathir: Chapter Eight

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Salam.  Alhumdulillah we have come to the end of the presentation of the 40 hadith on the virtue of salawat.  Please note that this is a rough draft, in the earlier chapters the detailed referencing of the narrations was provided, and was omitted for the later ones, Inshallah if the publishing of this is ever facilitated in the future we hope to add the referencing for all of the narrations.  We pray that we can now make some progress with our next project, namely the manual of salawat from al-Ahsa which is based on hadith and the Dalail al-Khayrat.  Wassalam

Chapter Eight: On Sending Peace Upon Our Master The Messenger of Allah (Allah Bless Him And Give Him Peace)

Hadith Thirty Six: From Abu Hurayrah (Allah be pleased with him) that he said:  The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said:  “There is no muslim who sends peace upon me in the east of the west except that I and my Lord’s angels reply to him.  Someone said to him:  O Messenger of Allah, what about the people of Madinah?  He said:  What is said regarding a noble/generous person (karim) amongst his neighbours, is that which Allah has ordered regarding the protection of the neighbours.”

Reported by Abu Nuaym from al-Tabarani

Hadith Thirty Seven: From Abdullah bin Masud (Allah be pleased with him) from the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) that he said:  “Indeed Allah has angels which travel around conveying to me the peace sent by my community.”

Reported by al-Nasai with his chain.

And in a wording: “Indeed Allah has angels which travel around on earth, conveying to me the peace sent by my community.”

Hadith Thirty Eight:
From Abu Qirsafah Jandarah Ibn Khayshanah (Allah be pleased with him) that he said:  “I heard the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) say:  He who comes to his bed (to sleep) and recites Surah Tabarak al-Mulk, and then says four times:  O Allah Lord of the Hill and the Haram, and the Balad al-Haram, the Rukn and the Maqam, and the Mashar al-Haram, convey to the soul of Muhammad (Allah bless him and give him peace) from a greeting and peace. Allah (عز و جل) assigns it to two angels until they come to Muhammad (Allah bless him and give him peace) and both say to him:  O Muhammad so and so -son of – so and so sends peace and the mercy of Allah upon you.  And he says:  And upon so and so -son of- so and so be peace and the mercy of Allah from me.”

Reported by al-Hafidh Diya al-Din.

Hadith Thirty Nine: From Anas (Allah be pleased with him) that:  “The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said:  If you send blessings upon the Messengers, then send blessings upon me along with them, for I am a Messenger from amongst the Messengers.”

Reported by Ibn Abi Asim with a Sahih chain.

And in a wording:  “If you send peace upon me then send peace on the Messengers”, and the narrators of its chain are relied upon in the two Sahih’s.

Hadith Forty: From Abu Hurayrah (Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said:  “No one sends peace upon me except that Allah has returned my soul to me so that I may reply to his greeting.”

Reported by Abu Dawud, Allah have mercy on him and them all, by His Blessing and Generosity. Ameen.

Shaykh al-Buti On The Blessings Of The Wird al-Nawawi

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Salam

Sidi Isa Martin from Jeddah requested me to share some more of the relevant excerpts from Shaykh al-Buti’s introduction to the ‘Wird al-Nawawi’ which maybe of interest to you. Answering his request I thought the following would be of benefit to visitors, and Inshallah may even provide some encouragement to take up the regular recitation of this litany. Please note that this is a rough draft attempting to capture the meaning of the passage. Also thanks to Shaykh Gibril whose translation of the poem has been used. Shaykh al-Buti said (p.18 onwards):

Before us today there are many litanies of these righteous people. However I have selected from all of these for you the litany (hizb) of the great Imam, in whom there was gathered profuse knowledge along with utmost taqwa of Allah ((عز وجل. An Imam who dedicated all of his life in the path of Allah ((عز و جل in knowledge, action, abstention (zuhd), remembrance, service to the generality of the Muslims and giving sincere advice to their Imam’s.

He is Imam Yahya bin Sharaf al-Nawawi who passed away in the year (676 Hijri). It is my conviction that if this Imam was not from the great godly righteous friends of Allah, then Allah the most High does not have on the earth any friends after him. Our discussion will become lengthy if I entered into the mentioning of his biography and unveiling of his unique states, excellences (manaqib) and  qualities. However it is sufficient for you to know that the Imam, Ali bin Abdullah al-Kafi al-Subki, the father of Taj al-in al-Subki, author of ‘Tabaqat al-Shafiyyah’ -and he is well known for his immense virtues and vast knowledge-came from Cairo to Damascus intending the ‘Dar al-Hadith’ to visit Imam al-Nawawi, as he (Allah have mercy on him) was resident there.

It was said to him (al-Subki) that he (al-Nawawi) had departed for his home place of Nawa. He then passed away there after falling ill for a few days. So he (al-Subki) asked for the place where he (al-Nawawi) used to sit, when they pointed it out to him Imam al-Subki placed his head on the ground of that place and covered his cheek and face with dust on it saying:

And in Dar al-Hadith there is a subtle meaning

On carpets where I incline and take refuge:

Perhaps I might touch with my very face

A spot touched by al-Nawawi’s foot.

This great Imam had a litany consisting of supplication, invocation and prayer that he would recite daily along with his other litanies which was his habit. This litany of his was met with widespread acceptance from the scholars and Imams after him till this day. They recite it every morning, and its reflects in their heart the radiance of tawhid, the familiarity of intimate supplication (munajat) and pleasure in the slavehood of humility to Allah (جل جلاله).

It is from the prayers (ibtihalat) proven for the relief of distress and repelling of the plots of the oppressors…I will not lengthen the commentary, for I have personally experienced the blessing of this litany. For its light has grown in my heart, and I have witnessed many of its effects in my life.

So make a firm resolve to be regular in its recitation every morning with the attention of the mind and humility of the heart, and this is after your completing the invocations which I advised you with.

Note: Alhumdulillah the scanner is now functioning, the image at the top is taken from Shaykh al-Buti’s edition kindly sent to me by Sidi Isa Martin.  Wassalam

Wird al-Nawawi and Its Authenticity: Sh al-Buti

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Salam

Many thanks to Sidi Isa Robert Martin for kindly posting to me from Jeddah a copy of an edition of the ‘Wird al-Nawawi’ with Sheikh al-Buti’s introduction. I had discussed the wird with Sidi Isa during one of the occasions that I had met him in Saudia Arabia, and I believe he had noted my interest in finding out more about the litany, not least because it differs considerably from what Imam al-Nawawi has mentioned in his work ‘al-Adhkar’ regarding the invocations to be recited in the morning and evening.  Readers will note that the ‘Wird’ (or Hizb as mentioned by some scholars) consists of invocations formulated by the Imam himself and not from hadith.  I thought it might be beneficial to mention a little of what Sheikh al-Buti recorded in his introduction to the work, not least as it tackles head on the doubts raised by some regarding the authenticity of the ascription of this work to the great Imam.

Sheikh al-Buti said (pg 20-21):

It has reached me that there are people who doubt, or raise doubts regarding the ascription of this litany (hizb) to Imam al-Nawawi without reliance upon any research or verification of the matter.

Here I present before those and their likes the continuous chain for the receiving of this noble litany, reaching to its author Imam al-Nawawi, Allah the most High haver mercy on him and be pleased with him.  Imam Umar al-Shabrawi said in the introduction of his commentary on this litany:

I received it from our Sheikh, Allamah Muhammad al-Sibaiee, and he from his father Allamah al-Sayyid Salih al-Sibaiee, and he from Allamah al-Sheikh al-Dardir, and he from his teacher Sheikh al-Hifni,and he from his teacher Sheikh Mustafa al-Bakri, and he from Sheikh Muhammad bin Ahmad al-Dimyati al-Shafi better known as Ibn al-Mayit al-Budairi, and he from Sheikh al-Shibramallasi, and he from Sheikh Allamah Abd al-Rahim al-Iraqi, from Sheikh Ala al-Din Ibn al-Attar, and he from the Qutb: Yahya al-Nawawi- Allah be pleased with him.

Note: Unfortunately my scanner for some reason has decided to uninstall itself.  I was hoping to scan the beautiful calligraphy of the edition sent to me.  However I have sufficed with the equally pleasing image above, which I believe if I am correct is taken from the edition produced by the Ahsai’s.  Wassalam

Understanding Imam al-Subki's Statement on Following the Hadith and the Madhab

Doubt: What is your answer to what Imam al-Subki said regarding a person who comes across an authentic hadith that no one has acted upon, is it permissible to act upon it? He is quoted as saying that you should imagine yourself standing infront of the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace), would you then delay in implementing this hadith?

Answer: The above scenario is regarding someone who heard a hadith on an issue directly from the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace), as for us: our situation is different as we in our time may come across two hadith on a single issue which outwardly appear to conflict, such as the hadith reported by Muslim (90):

“Perform wudu from that which touches the fire”

And then we come across the hadith that the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) ate a bone with meat which had been cooked, and prayed without performing wudu as reported by al-Bukhari (1:310) Continue reading

If The Hadith Is Sahih Then…

Doubt: Allah (the most High) has ordered us to follow the Noble Prophet(Allah bless him and give him peace), so if the hadith from him is Sahih then it we should act upon it, and follow Him (Allah bless him and give him peace) in it.  A hadith being Sahih is sufficient for it to be acted upon.

Answer: The answer to this doubt is based on two concepts, namely:
1)    The authenticity of the hadith is enough for the hadith to be acted upon
2)    We are ordered to follow the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) and not to follow anyone else.
Continue reading

If The Hadith Is Authentic Leave My Madhab

Salam.  A re-editing of material from many years ago, this is still a rough draft in need of revision, it is taken from ‘Athar al-Hadith al-Sharif’, with the original having more detailed discussions with examples.  It is hoped that the selections presented below will be of sufficient clarity for those who may be encountering some confusion regarding these matters.

Doubt: The Imams of the Madhabs have  said: If the hadith is authentic then it is my madhab.  So if we find a hadith in al-Bukhari and Muslim in contrast to our madhab we act upon the hadith and leave the ruling of our madhab Continue reading

Sh Muhammad bin Alawi al-Maliki on Sending Salams to Madinah

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Salam. A custom handed down to us from older generations is the asking someone (whom we know very well) setting out to visit Madinah the illuminated to convey our greetings (salam) to Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace).  This alhumdulilah is a practice which appears to have been transmitted from the earlier Muslims down the generations till our time.  Continue reading

Sh Abdullah bin Saeed al-Lahji

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Salam. Please find this brief biography of an author of one of my favourite books (which is the commentary on Imam Yusuf al-Nabhani’s work on the Shamail), Inshallah you will find a couple of posts on this blog from the wonderful commentary of Sh Abdullah bin Saeed al-Lahji.  His student Sayyid Muhammad bin Alawi al-Maliki has written a more detailed life sketch of this great scholar in his introduction to this commentary which is well worth a read, not least for the personal accounts from the Sayyid of the care and attention paid to him by Sh Abdullah who was a student of his father, and was entrusted by him to intensively tutor his son on an individual basis. Continue reading