Adhkar (Invocations) After the Prayer

Salam, some of us were fortunate enough to read the beginners text on fiqh ‘Tuhfa al-Mubtadi’ authored by one of the Ahsai hanafi scholars. A translation of it has been prepared (May Allah Taala facilitate its publication). During the sessions where we would gain clarification of some elements of the commentary authored by Sh. Yahya al-Mulla, he (Sh. Yahya) suggested that the section on the adhkar after the prayer be added in from his appendix to Sh. Abu Bakr al-Mulla’s ‘Wasilah al-Falah’. I requested Sh. Yahya to select some of the more essential adhkar for us from his compilation and he kindly did so. Apologies for the typsetting below, Arabic/English can be a bit awkward. Note: All adhkar have been referenced by Sh. Yahya al-Mulla and can be found in the footnotes.
The Invocations (Adhkar) and Supplications (Dua) To Be Recited After the Prayer
Compiled by Sheikh Yahya bin Muhammad al-Mulla
[1]

It is desirable to make much invocation and supplication after making the salam from the obligatory and other prayers, Due to His Taala’s words:

‘So when you have finished, then stand up for Allah’s worship, And to you Lord turn your invocations [al-Sharh:7-8]

The scholars of Tafsir explaining this verse said: When you finish the prayer then supplicate[2]

From that which is reported regarding this is:

Abu Umamah (ra) said that it was said to the Messenger of Allāh (s) : “Which Supplication (Dua) is most likely to be accepted?” He said: “In the last part of the night and after the obligatory prayers[3]

From the invocations (adhkar) and supplications (dua) to be recited after the obligatory prayers is to say:

Three timesأَسْتَغْفِرُ اللَّهَ

اللهُمَّ أَنْتَ السَّلاَمُ وَ مِنْكَ السَّلاَمُ تَبَارَكْتَ يَاذَا الْجَلاَلِ وَ الإِكْرَام[4]

The above can be recited after the obligatory prayers, they may also be recited after the non obligatory prayers along with the following invocations:

لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ
اللَّهُمَّ لا مانع لما أعطيتَ ولا مُعطيَ لما منعت، ولا ينفع ذا الجَدِّ منك الجَدُّ[5]
آية الكرسي[6]
الإخلاص
المعوذتين[7]
33 timesسُبْحَانَ الله
33 timesوَ الْحَمِدُ للهِ
33 timesاللهَ اَكْبَر
لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ[8]

And then make dua (supplicate) with the following:
اللهم إني أعوذ بك من الجبن وأعوذ بك أن أُرَدَّ إلى أرذل العمر، وأعوذ بك من فتنة الدنيا وأعوذ بك من عذاب القبر[9]
[1] Taken from Sheikh Yahya’s appendix to Sheikh Abu Bakr al-Mulla’s selection of invocations for the morning and evening entitled ‘Wasilah al-Falah’.
[2] Reported by Abd bin Humaid, Ibn al-Jarir, Ibn al-Mundhir, Ibn Abi Hatim, Ibn Mardawayh, from a number of routes, from Ibn Abbas (ra) regarding the His Taala’s words: “So when you have finished, then stand up for Allah’s worship, And to you Lord turn your invocations”, He said: When you finish the prayer then supplicate to your Lord, and ask your need. It is reported by Ibn Abi Dunya from Abdullah bin Masud, it is reported al-Faryabi, Abd bin Humaid, In Jarir, Ibn Abi Hatim from Mujahid. See al-Dur al-Manthur of al-Suyuti (6/364-365).
[3] Reported by al-Tirmidhi (3494) who said the hadith was Hasan Gharib.
[4] Thawban (ra) said: The Messenger of Allah after finishing his prayer would ask for forgiveness thrice and say: اللهم أنت السلام … الخ
Al-Walid said: I said to Al-Awzai “How was the asking for forgiveness?” He said:
استغفر الله، استغفر الله، استغفر الله
Reported by Muslim (591), Abu Dawud (1513), al-Tirmidhi (300), al-Nasai in al-Mujtaba (3/68), Ibn Majah (928)
[5] Warrad the Mawla of al-Mughirah bin Subah said: Mughirah wrote to Muawiyah bin Abi Sufyan (ra): The Messenger of Allah (s) would say after the prayer when he had said the salam: لا إله إلا الله وحده … الخ
Reported by al-Bukhari (844), Muslim (593), Abu Dawud (1505), al-Nasai (3/70), in Amal al-Yaum wal-Laylah (129).
[6] Abu Umamah (ra) said: The Messenger of Allah (s) said: ‘Whoever recites Ayah al-Kursi after every obligatory prayer, will not be prevented from entering paradise except by death’. Reported by al-Nasai (9928) in al-Kubra
[7] Uqbah bin Amir said: The Messenger of Allah (s) ordered me to recite the muawadhatayn after every prayer. Abu Dawud’s version mentions Muawadhat. Therefore {قل هو الله أحد}
, {قل أعوذ برب الفلق} and {قل أعوذ برب الناس} should be recited. Reported by Abu Dawud (1532), al-Tirmidhi (2905), al-Nasai (3/68).
[8] Abu Hurraira (ra) said that the Prophet of Allāh (s) said: “Whoever glorifies Allāh thirty three times after every Salāh, and praises Allāh thirty three times and magnifies Allāh thirty three times and says to complete the hundred There is no god but Allāh. He is alone and has no partner. To Him belongs sovereignty and to Him belongs all praise and He has power over all things,” his sins will be forgiven even if they are like the foam of the sea. Reported by Muslim (595), Abu Dawud (1504), al-Nasai (9970)
[9] Sa’d bin Abi Waqqas (ra) said: The Messenger of Allah (s) would seek protection with these
words: اللهم إني أعُوذُ بك من الجُب

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