Commentary on the Hadith of Mercy

[Salam. I would like to dedicate this short article to our teacher, and the first of the scholars to have narrated the hadith of Rahma to us: Sh. Abu Muhammad al-Adsani, al-Aqili, al-Shafi al-Ahsai.]

Imam Ibn Nasir al-Din al-Dimashqi mentions some of lessons which can be derived from the hadith of mercy in his ‘Majalis fi Tafsir’, the selected points of benefit are numbered as found in the printed edition (p.143 onwards):
The lessons derived from the hadith are the following:

2- Encouragement of mercy between the muslim community (ummah), as from its attributes is their mercy between themselves. Allah عز و جل said: ‘Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and those who are with Him are strong against the disbelievers, (but) merciful amongst each other.’

3- The affirmation of reward for actions, and the obtaining of reward in the present and the future, due to the generality of the hadith, and His (Allah bless Him and give Him peace) words: ‘The merciful are shown mercy by the All-Merciful’. Due to the meaning of ‘Al-Rahman’ being mercy in this world and the next.

4-That What we receive from God is categorical to what we present to Him (Al-Jaza’ min Jins al-‘Amal).” Due to His (Allah bless Him and give Him peace) words: ‘The merciful are shown mercy by the All-Merciful…’

Abu al-Sarri Hanna bin al-Sarri said in his book ‘al-Zuhd’: ‘…Muhammad bin al-Munkadir said: A woman came to the Prophet (Allah bless Him and give Him peace) whilst He was sitting in the masjid with people all around Him. She walked around him in an attempt to reach Him, and a man stood so that she may reach Him. The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless Him and give Him peace) said: Is she your mother?

He replied: No
He said: Your sister?
He said: No
He said: You had mercy on her, may Allah have mercy on you.

5-It is desirable for one who encourages another to a good action to mention some of its benefits and associated advantages, encouraging him and giving life to the act, such as in this hadith.

6-That a scholar who teaches others acts upon his knowledge first, and then teach it. For it is more beneficial and more firm/established for worship. For if we look to the attribute of our Prophet (Allah bless Him and give Him peace) who ordered (us) with mercy and encouraged it in the likes of this hadith: We find that His mercy has enveloped the whole of creation. Allah عز وجل said: ‘And we have not sent You except as a mercy to the worlds’.

And from His names (alqab) is: The Prophet of Mercy.

And it is also reported that there was no one who was more merciful to his family than the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless Him and give Him peace).

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